Cabinet of Greece
In the Greek National Cabinet, we will discuss the debt crisis plaguing the country since the early 2000s. Be prepared to cover traditional topics like debt forgiveness and bank recovery as well as more creative topics like Greek withdrawal from the Euro and partial or complete default. In order to include all ministers in debate, we will debate deeper consequences of an unstable financial situation throughout Greek society and the methods to solve smaller crises which have appeared. If time and committee preference allow, we will develop two smaller resolutions: one resolution will address domestic problems and solutions to tackle them, and the other will be a convincing negotiation plan with the European Central Bank and European Commission in regards to help from Eurozone members.
Cabinet of France
France's fight against human trafficking is well-documented and extremely important. Human trafficking is a heinous human rights violation that not only ruins lives around the globe, but also fuels transnational organized crime and funds terrorist behavior. Furthermore, it heavily impacts the most vulnerable sectors of a variety of populations, including women and children. France is a destination, transit point, and source country for human trafficking, especially with regards to forced labor and sex trafficking. Currently, the French government estimates that about 20,000 people in France's commercial sex trade are victims of trafficking. 90% of these victims are foreigners. Legally, the government has worked domestically to improve its definition of trafficking and to support anti-trafficking law enforcement, but efforts to prosecute and convict offenders are still lacking. Internationally, France recognizes the exploitation of human trafficking networks for the funding of terrorist groups and transnational organized crime. In the French Cabinet, ministers will be tasked with the extraordinarily complex issue of combating human trafficking both within France's borders and beyond. Ministers will work to promote domestic reform, introduce international dimensions, and provide solutions to help victims of this terrible form of modern slavery.
Cabinet of Spain
In the Spanish Cabinet, delegates will discuss the recent attempts for Catalonian independence. The Cabinet will assess the appropriateness and constitutionality of Catalonian secession, formulate responses to public outcries and protests, and aim to foster national unity for the country. The Catalonian secessionist movement dates back decades, if not arguably centuries with the royal unification of Spain. Consequently, there are inextricable political, socioeconomic, and cultural histories that must be contextualized throughout the debate. It is hoped that delegates will ultimately determine the Spanish Cabinet's next steps as the country tries to avoid irreparable divisions and discord.
Cabinet of Poland
Since the advent of the Law and Justice Party in 2001, the political party has successfully made its way into the various Polish governing bodies. Both the Prime Minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, and the President, Andrzej Duda, are members of the Law and Justice Party (PiS). Currently, the party also holds the majority on the Selm (lower parliamentary branch) and the Senate. This party’s left-wing beliefs have recently created tensions between Poland and the EU. More specifically, their judiciary changes have put the branch under more control by the PiS. The EU has denounced these changes as a breach to Poland’s “rule of law” and demand Poland to adjust the law before they adhere to putting economic sanctions on them. As tensions between the EU and the Polish government run high, the Polish cabinet will be responsible for helping to ease these tensions and better EU relations.
Cabinet of Luxembourg
In November 2014, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists revealed the biggest financial scandal of the year: the Luxembourg Leaks, in which the tax rulings of over three hundred multinational companies based in Luxembourg were released to the public, attracting international scrutiny and concern about tax evasion through the country’s exceedingly low tax rates. Companies like Ikea, Amazon and Microsoft were reported as not paying billions of dollars in taxes by moving their money to tax havens in Luxembourg. Overnight, this small, landlocked country in Western Europe became the subject of a fierce debate on corporate tax evasion, resulting in the government implementing measures to reduce tax dumping and prevent such tax evasion schemes. However, today, as more companies like McDonalds relocate their tax bases to countries like the U.K., the Luxembourg Cabinet must evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of such measures, as well as determine the best and most legitimate way to maintain foreign MNC presence in the country.
Cabinet of the Netherlands
This committee will focus on tackling the issue of Dutch organized crime networks and the emergence of a narco-state in the Netherlands. While the Netherlands has often been cited as a successful model of deregulation due to its gedoogbeleid (tolerance policy) towards the sale of cannabis as well as the legalisation of prostitution, critics have claimed that these factors have resulted in the strengthening of drug and human trafficking flows. These criminal networks utilize the Netherlands’ strategic location in Europe as a node in what is called transit crime—the transnational illegal trade of drugs, arms, and money, as well as human trafficking for sexual exploitation and the smuggling of illegal immigrants. These crimes have shifted to the invisible, with victims opting not to report to the authorities. Indeed, the Dutch police and the judicial system have stepped up efforts to increase the rate of prosecution for such crimes. Yet, progress has yet to be significant. While ‘traditional’ policing methods such as wiretapping may still be effective, a report released by the Dutch police calls for increase funding and investment to ensure adequate resources in the fight against organised crime. Knowing that neighbouring countries such as Belgium have started to blame the Netherlands for spillover violence and drug trade, it is now time for the Dutch government to take action.
Cabinet of Germany
The Cabinet of Germany is the head governing body in the Federal Republic of Germany. It consists of the Chancellor, Vice Chancellor, and the cabinet of ministers. The German Cabinet was constructed by the Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, which stands for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. Under this Basic Law, the Cabinet of Germany is responsible for maintaining peace and order in the country. As of recent, anti-immigrant sentiments have been spreading throughout the country, with the continued growth of far-right movements throughout Germany since the 1992. This has led to the election of the National Democratic Party of Germany, which is the remaining neo-nazi party of Germany, gaining a set in the 2014 European Parliament Election. As a cabinet, you will be responsible for combating a threat that can plague Europe no longer. Are you up to the challenge?
Cabinet of the United Kingdom
The focus of the United Kingdom cabinet will be the aftermath of the Brexit referendum and the United Kingdom’s choice to leave the European Union. The United Kingdom will officially no longer be part of the European Union on March 29th 2019. For the present however, the United Kingdom will need to find a way to continue negotiations with the other EU nations, which may have hostilities towards the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom has many economic issues to tackle, precisely regarding their impending loss of the privilege of free trade within the EU. Will the United Kingdom try and negotiate trade deals with the nations of the EU or reorient their trade elsewhere? Will the United Kingdom follow through with funding long term EU projects that they have committed to? How will the United Kingdom handle migration policy after its withdrawal? There is a plethora of issues posed by Brexit that the United Kingdom must strive to resolve before their departure in 2019, and working toward resolving those issues will be the goal of the cabinet of the United Kingdom.
Cabinet of Italy
Economic growth has slowed down drastically in Italy since the early 1990s. The problem has only worsened with productivity levels an all time low, and debt at an all time high. The government realizes that this is a problem, and needs to develop plans to further the economic development of the country in a short period of time. However one large crisis has occurred: environmental disasters have destroyed 60 percent of the country’s natural resource deposits including coal and crude oil. The Cabinet’s job is to work with with the EU to be able to get resources to Italy in order to keep the country stay economically afloat.
Cabinet of Sweden
The Kingdom of Sweden is the third largest county in the European Union. It is surrounded by natural beauty including mountains, sea, and more. For this reason, among others, Sweden created an environmental protection agency in 1967, making it the first country to do so. Sweden also hosted the first UN conference on the environment, which resulted in the creation of the Environment Programme (UNEP). Despite these efforts, climate change—which is more impactful at higher latitudes—has had a profound impact on Sweden and its economy. Specifically, higher temperatures have led to lower incomes for Swedes; recently, so much ice melted on Kebnekaise Mountain that it lost its claim as tallest peak in Sweden. Sweden looks to take actions to prevent further climate change and protect both its land and its people. It already aims to have zero net greenhouse gas emissions, but how will it achieve that? What will it do to protect its existing natural resources and help its people?
Cabinet of Latvia
Nearly twenty years since switching to the standard European Union currency, the euro, the nation of Latvia has faced multiple financial crises. In addition to experiencing rising unemployment, increased inflation, and a deteriorating health and social care system, Latvians have most recently been shaken by the accusations of extensive money-laundering against one of the largest Baltic banks, the ABLV bank. Having ties to the European Central Bank, the ECB, an institution overseen by the EU, the ABLV crisis has many implications not only on the Latvian economic situation, but also the nation’s status in the European Union. With growing distrust in the EU amongst the Latvian population, sentiment to leave the EU has been growing not only within the nation, but in the Baltic region as well. This Latvian Cabinet will focus on how to approach the growing banking crisis and money laundering issues in the country, as well as the tangential problems of inflation, migration, unemployment, and EU involvement that continues to destabilize the Baltic region.
Cabinet of Hungary
In Hungary’s April elections, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán's Fidesz party won 70% of the vote and Orbán secured a third term based on a campaign centered around anti-immigrant and anti-refugee sentiments. Hungary’s opposition to migrants seems counterintuitive for a country with one of the lowest percentages of foreign-born population in the developed world and a fertility rate below the already low European average. The Hungarian government is being challenged at the European Court of Human Rights and faces criticism from international and regional human rights bodies, including the United Nations Refugee Agency, for violating the rights of migrants and asylum seekers. Hungary is known as one of the worst European countries for migrants and asylum seekers. Some of the actions they have been criticized for include automatic detention of almost all asylum seekers in substandard border “transit zones”; sometimes violent removal of all people found inside the country after irregular entry through the external side of border fences; arbitrarily applied restrictions on access to the asylum procedure; and criminalization of irregular entry. The Hungarian cabinet will examine the existing legislative framework around migrants and refugees, especially the March 2017 asylum law which requires all asylum applications to be submitted in the transit zones and all asylum seekers, excluding unaccompanied children below the age of 14, to stay at the transit zones for the whole duration of their asylum procedure. Concerns have been raised about the legality of these “transit zones” and the humanity of their conditions, as well as the general anti-immigrant sentiments put forth by the government that have inflamed racial tensions in the country.