Council of Economy and Finance
In the Economic and Financial Council, delegates can expect to address any economic problems which arise in the EU. Unlike the ECB, which handles the Euro and EZ "monetary policy", the ECOFIN council handles much of the legal paperwork surrounding the currency. ECONFIN also prepares the EU budget, one of the most important facets of the EU, and controls taxation policy and capital markets.
Council of Transport, Telecommunications, and Energy
The Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council (TTE) is the European Union council that works to create transport, telecommunications, and energy networks to adapt to the ever-changing and pressing needs of the European community. This council is composed of ministers who meet three to four times a year, depending on the items on the agenda. For transport, the TTE works to standardize and incorporate transportation concerns across the continent, prioritizing sustainability in a variety of systems. In terms of telecommunications, the TTE is responsible for the adoption of legislation and guidelines to improve cybersecurity and competition in the market. In the field of energy, the TTE is in charge of securing the flow of energy supplies and emphasizing renewability. The Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council works to combat new roadblocks in order to streamline processes within the EU. When faced with crises on the continent, TTE is often called to the forefront in decision-making, and its ministers are tasked with responding to issues such as cybersecurity threats, border control, volatile energy prices, among others.
Council of Justice
Broadly, the Justice and Home Affairs Council seeks to foster cooperation and common practices in justice on transnational issues facing the European Union. For delegates, this mission translates into determining the extent to which fundamental freedoms have been violated, whether member states can and should do more to guarantee these liberties, and examine the strategies employed to defend national and continental security. The scope of the Council includes, but is certainly not limited to, citizenship, discrimination, crime, and terrorism. Not only is the European Union fortified by its members' ability to defend its communal peace, but also its existence depends on it.
Council of Food and Agriculture
The Food and Agriculture branch of the European Union is responsible for funding and legislation for farmers of its member countries. Policies of the branch include making sure European farmers are producing enough food to feed Europe, the protection of the environment, and ensuring safe food sources. More recent policies have been geared toward more environmentally friendly farming practices as many EU countries have taken pledges to reduce the use of pesticides. One problem that this cabinet faces is the reduction of funding by the EU for food and agriculture. This faces a problem as there is addition of new member countries but no expansion of funding. The goal of this cabinet is to deal with the current crises that threaten agriculture and food security of the EU.
Council of Immigration and Refugees
In the Council of Immigration and Refugees, government ministers from each EU country will meet to debate, amend and adopt laws, as well as to coordinate policy responses to situations pertaining to immigration and refugee asylum in Europe. As we know, today, thousands of immigrants and refugees continue to enter Europe’s borders primarily as a result of war, oppression or poverty in their home country. Some of these immigrants enter the continent illegally, particularly due to the decrease in the number of asylum applications European countries are accepting, and the increase in the number of applications. It is the task of the Council of Immigration and Refugees to respond to crises with quick and decisive action, keeping in mind that in any situation, the number of immigrants the European Union is currently managing, with many more waiting at its shores, would only further complicate the situation.
Council of Foreign Affairs
The Foreign Affairs Council is a configuration of the Council of the European Union composed of foreign ministers from all EU states, which is responsible for determining the European Union’s external policy in areas such as foreign policy, defense, and security, trade and development, as well as foreign aid. In specific, the Foreign Affairs Council is responsible for ensuring that all member states implement a harmonized foreign and security policy. Hence, it has the jurisdiction to launch EU crisis management actions, both through civil and military means, as well as economic sanctions. Together with the European Parliament, it is also responsible for negotiating and managing trade agreements.
Unlike other similar Councils, it is chaired by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy instead of the European Council’s President. The current high representative, Federica Mogherini, aims to focus on establishing a European defense industrial development programme, supporting the progress of Western Balkans countries, facilitate partnership with African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries, as well as reinforce EU trade defense instruments.
Council of Employment, Social Policy, and Consumer Affairs
The Employment, Social Policy, and Consumer Fairs Council (EPSCO), convenes to discuss consumer policy throughout the European Union. Their main goal is to raise the standard of living and quality of life of its citizens. It is able to achieve this by ensuring that there are high-quality jobs, a high level of social and health protection, and by protecting consumer interests. This Council aims to improve the current working conditions, and draft legislation that insures that workplace equality can be achieved. It also works to insure that the free movement of workers and services is something that is achieved, as to insure that more jobs are available all throughout Europe. There is also an emphasis on providing work for those who are either at risk of not having a job and those who are about to reach working age. Through work we find peace and prosperity. Will you take on the role of an EPSCO minister and secure the future of Europe?
Council of Health
The Health Council will focus on ensuring the safety of EU citizens and looking out for their best interests. The Health Council will tackle a variety of concerns such as employment, living conditions, working conditions, health insurance, and impending health crises. It will be the responsibility of the health council to work together towards a common goal and promote detailed initiatives that benefit all nations involved.
Council of the Environment
The Environmental Council’s main priority is to promote sustainable development, no matter the crisis at hand. Its focus is to make sure that plans that are being passed by the UN do not impede current plans for sustainable development and lowering pollution levels, and do no include plans that could be potentially environmentally hazardous. Whether the crisis is a refugee scramble or a food shortage, the council must make sure plans plans align with the long term goals of the council. The council will, however, ensure that their plans will not deter the direction on how other councils want to address the overlying crisis.
Council of Education
While countries across Europe have many different priorities and values, education is heavily supported across the continent. Still, the funding for and the types of education vary greatly from country to country. With fragmented systems ranging from within and between primary, secondary, and post-secondary schools, the European ministers of education must come together to work and create guidelines relevant to current issues that ensure the quality of education across the continent at all levels without contradicting the existing systems in each country. While the council lacks enforcement power, it is able to assess the state of each nation's education system through whatever measures that already exist or that may be created by the committee. The committee may also make recommendations to specific countries, provide expert support to specific nations, and facilitate exchanges (of students, information, resources, faculty, et cetera). The ministry also does have some financing capabilities, albeit limited.
Council of Home Affairs
This subsidiary council of the European Union is comprised primarily of Interior Ministers from every member state. It's main duty is to discuss and legislate cross-border issues relating to civil protection, asylum, immigration, and organized crime. Under this council's jurisdiction rests critical issues facing the EU today, such as the movement of persons, asylum and immigration across EU borders, EU citizenship requirements, how to combat discrimination and cross-border organized criminal/terrorist activity, and the fight against human trafficking into and across EU nations. This body is a crucial force in determining member states' policies and approaches to freedom and security as a whole, and its role grows exponentially more important as issues of immigration and terrorism continue to challenge existing EU policies. Delegates in this council must contemplate whether or not to modify the existing EU approach to such topics, and accordingly tackle such issues in the face of larger crises.
Council of Cultural and Social Affairs
The Council for Cultural and Social Affairs was established in 1950 under the European Union. It deals mainly with crises, devising solutions for their short and long term causes and consequences. The CSA’s policy goals include frameworks for member cooperation and long term plans for growth in cultural and social sectors. The CSA’s areas of interest include but are not limited to education, minority rights, cultural preservation, youth and gender empowerment, and equality of opportunity. The council pays close attention to the quality of life for citizens in member countries, as well as the unique needs of those outside of citizenship such as migrants, refugees, and internally displaced people. The Council’s platform for growth is centered on inclusive policymaking and enforcement and assuring safety of expression and life. By working towards securing human rights in all environments, the CSA reinforces the idea of social and economic equity in an increasingly diverse world. The Council aims for poverty reduction, efficient and humane crisis management, and ultimately increased economic and social equity and mobility. While considering the material and economic factors of growth, the CSA goes beyond focusing on the basic needs of all humans like food and shelter to lay the foundation for global social cooperation and prioritize protection of human dignity