NATO and the Nuclear Crisis

By Kiara Carriere and Alexandre Bloch

Updated Saturday, November 25, 2017

To begin with, the third day of political discussion, a new crisis has occurred, the terrorist organization ONS is threatening countries member of the European Union. We would like to know more about what happened and what is going to happen next, we interviewed the representative of Norway part of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).

The representative of NATO has answered some questions we asked him. Members of NATO find out that ONS has nuclear bombs and they want to bomb EU, so each country is trying to find solutions and make some alliances. He told us that NATO is doing the best they can to solve the answer. Moreover, Albania and the Czech Republic have proposed some significant solutions which would help the impact of this attack and lead to the capture of the ONS before they can set them on their nuclear bomb.

Furthermore, member of NATO believes that ONS is linked to Russia. In result, Norway and Greece are planning to attack Russia. Currently, the Norwegian Delegation believes that Russia cannot be negotiating as they are advocated in several cities. For him, NATO is going to response by a nuclear bombing if the ONS attack the EU.

To conclude, the ONS does not stop attacks and threats. It becomes a powerful organization with influence that is threatening more and more Europe. Indeed the solutions taken by different committees, the situation is still hard to handle. Nevertheless, official members are trying to find the best solutions as fastest as they can.

Greek Debt Talks Continue at ECB

Liam O’Donnell & Ida Brooks

Budapest, Hungary -- Tensions are running high at the European Central Bank, with member states and delegations fiercely debating the issue over the bailout of Greece from the European Union, a controversial topic that has come to light in the aftermath of the financial crisis in the country in 2008. The crisis evolved from poor GDP growth, government debt and deficits, as well as budget compliance and data credibility, and has turned into one of the largest depressions that an European nation has faced in recent years. Greece, who joined the European Union in 1981 and adopted the Euro twenty years later, has been the center of much recent debate within the confederation, as the economic crisis provides a strain for other member states as well. Some states advocate for the bailout of the country from the Eurozone, as they believe that it is necessary to make every effort to allow Greece to resume reforms and growth within the EU to insure the stability of the confederation as a whole. Other member states support the idea of removing Greece from the EU, as they are tired of giving Greece endless financial loans, and believe that without the country the Confederation would be able to better function and collaborate.

There is a clear divide among delegates at the ECB, with some demanding the removal of Greece from the eurozone, and others attempting to seek out more holistic and reconciliatory approaches to solving Greece’s debt crisis.  Such delegates seeking out restorative solutions includes Ireland, who proposed the distribution of Eurobonds to better control the flow of money and in turn lower the inflation rate. Furthermore, the delegate from Ireland proposed further bailouts and the defaulting of a portion of Greece’s debts to allow for a more manageable repayment of such debts. Countries such as Poland, Draghi, and Denmark have been working together to look for measures to implement, and have discussed items such as conducting a surveillance program to monitor the change in Greek national debt and unemployment rates in relation to the implementation of such bailout measures. Strong economic centres of the EU have reinforced their dedication to ensuring that Greece remains in the Eurozone. Such countries include France, who stated that it is willing to continue the allocation of monetary resources to bailing out Greece. Furthermore, the delegate from France discussed the importance of turning the EU into a fiscal union, allowing for the implementation of greater fiscal and economic policy.

Delegates demanding the removal of Greece from the Eurozone include Germany, a country who states they are tired of bailing out Greece, and urges the country to leave the Eurozone. Germany believes that a fiscal union, through which decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions, is not possible as it leads to nationalistic tendencies. The nation supports working with Greece to ensure that the bailout process is smooth, and strongly emphasizes the strain the economic and political crisis in Greece has hurt the European Union. Other member states who support the departure of Greece include Latvia and Croatia, who describe Greece’s membership in the European Union as a  “weak link in the chain.”

Despite obvious differences among delegates in regard to this divisive issue, hope that progress will be made in relation to the Greek debt crisis hasn’t died out. Whether through the withdrawal of Greece from the Eurozone or through further bailout measures, this committee will hopefully resolve this issue, allowing for a more sustainable and growth focused European Union, unhindered by internal economic woe.

NATO and the Russian Crisis

By Mira Moebel, Alexandre Bloch, and Francisco Santos

Updated Friday, November 24, 2017

Budapest, Hungary (Friday, November 24, 2017) - All throughout the second day of political discussions, the Russian crisis was an especially prevalent topic of discussion in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). A broad variety of delegates across the committee were questioned on the committee’s topics of discussion, with a number of remarkable points and potential solutions offered about the topic at hand.

The Latvian representatives of the NATO committee discussed the situation regarding the current Russian crisis. In fact, they have stated that Eastern countries are too dependent on Russian petrol, and have affirmed that this crisis would have never occurred if countries were less reliant on these Eastern nations to provide them with energies and funds. In response to this situation, the delegates of NATO proposed to be more dependent on fossil energies that are provided by other European countries and organisations in order to prevent any further crises.

“It seems that NATO is dissipated, and we can not find a real agreement as to the crisis that Russia is combating, and two big blocks are kind of confronting each other,” stated the Latvian NATO representative. However, the Romanian NATO delegation has proposed to rely on renewable energies and has also suggested a more innovative way of transporting oil. By eventually making it pass through the United States before arriving to Europe, the previously mentioned delegation believes a solution will be found for the dilemma.


Through it all, it seems that the concept of economics is profusely existent throughout the committee of NATO, and all European councils. By and large, NATO will hopefully reach a solution in further sessions of debate.

Education and Youth Council tightens security in schools

Liam O’Donnell and Monica Turner || 25 November 2017 | Budapest

School serves as the chief catalyst of creating a knowledge-based and objective population. With this in mind, the Education and Youth Council within the European Union has mandated the adoption of measures within the classroom to curb the spread of youth radicalization toward the cause of the Organization for National Self-Determination.

This committee is taking a proactive and hands-on approach towards the issue by implementing, the mandatory recruitment of psychologists in every school, with the exact number varying in accordance to school size. Another initiative proposed to monitor abnormal behaviour would be “investigations within schools where UN officials sit in but don’t make a big deal about it... monitoring academic performance and any hints to youth radicalization,” as mentioned by the Estonian delegate.

How UN officials would be able to observe students without disrupting the normalcy of the classroom hasn’t been commented on.

The authority of this council will affect students’ curriculum as well through the implementation of new mandatory classes such as Global Studies, which would incorporate the Union and its role into public education. Political Science is another addition, providing students with a greater understanding of terrorism and its impact on Europe and beyond.

New protocols are being implemented to ensure that schools are prepared in case of terrorist attacks. The council approved the construction of bunkers within every school in the EU and security is being tightened as well. Students will also learn to protect themselves and others with a first-aid extracurricular program aimed ensuring that they know “how to act if there is a terrorism act, they can help before emergency vehicles arrive,” according to the Estonian delegate.

Measures to take a more unconventional approach will also be taken by schools under the new regulations from the Education and Youth Council who, according to the Austrian delegate, have been “discussing various ways to reach out our youth and utilizing technology.” It was realized by the committee that social media is a popular outlet for the spread of radicalization: “Social media is a key factor in terrorism recruitment.. and we are trying to tighten legal restrictions in ways that students are not allowed to access things that are favouring radicalization.”

This council has made substantial progress in finding unique ways of countering the threat posed by ONS by trying to terminate the root of the problem: youth radicalization. As mentioned by the Austrian delegate,“terrorism only works if we allow it to.” This is the overarching ideal that represents what the Education and Youth Council is trying to do, and they have been clearly working towards this goal. We have been very productive, especially in the last two sessions…

NATO's Response to ONS Attacks

Liam O’Donnell & Kiara Carriére

On the 23rd of November, 2017, Budapest, Frankfurt, the Hague, Stockholm, and Bilbao were subject to coordinated attacks carried out by the terrorist group, Organization for National Self-Determination (ONS). All the attacks occurred at international institutions, such as the EU Commission Office in Budapest, and Europol in The Hague. An additional bombing occurred in Brussels, but it is unknown as to who conducted the attack. Today, international organizations have begun to collectively discuss solutions and subsequent ramifications of the attacks. NATO has debated over possible methods of confronting the ONS and ensuring that such attacks do not occur again.

NATO or the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization is a military alliance formed between North American and European states, founded after WWII as a deterrence measure from future international conflict. Since NATO serves as an international defensive body, policy debate largely revolved around retaliatory measures. It is located in Brussels, which may serve as a possible motive for the attack conducted by the unknown group. Delegates from nations across Europe proposed numerous methods of combatting the ONS with differing levels of extremity, from utilizing cyber-warfare to gain insight and further hinder ONS’ digital social media ability, to even shutting down the Schengen Area indefinitely.

The delegate from the United States discussed possible economic and military aid to the NATO member states that were affected by the attacks on behalf of the USA, above and beyond the current US contribution to NATO military and budgetary items. The delegate from the United States further discussed how economic support for countries affected can be beneficial for both recovery and economic support for impoverished individuals in the country. He stated that such monetary support if allocated correctly can be directed toward positive growth in relation to the standard of living among impoverished in such countries. Such an allocation of monetary capital can prove useful in diminishing the perceived need to resort to nationalist extremist groups due to boosted morale among at risk-populations due to positive economic growth.

There are allegations that there are Russian ties with the ONS, leading to Russia’s reducing of the allocated supply of oil to the EU. The Delegate from Denmark discussed this possible connection, describing that such an action has deep ramifications for his country as well, despite his country not being affiliated with countries that have been attacked.

Refugee Council Faces Terrorist Crisis

By Ida Brooks and Francisco Santos

Budapest, Hungary (November 24, 2017) - This afternoon, the Immigration and Refugees Council was tasked with negotiating possible solutions to a series of terrorist attacks perpetrated by the Organization of National Self-Determination (ONS). The attacks were carried out in cities all throughout Europe, including Brussels, Stockholm, Budapest, and Frankfurt, with an undefined death toll that continues to rise.

There was definitive divergence regarding the ways in which the committee should assimilate the substantial influx of refugees and immigrants in Europe.

A number of delegates, including the Minister of Libya, advocated for specialized programs to better allocate refugees into European society, certain that they are not a threat to national security.

The Minister of Poland, along with various other representatives, took a very different stance on the topic. Her delegation believes that Europe should secure its borders, limiting the number of refugees coming into the country, as this could potentially lead to similar attacks.

A feasible humanitarian solution to the issue continues to be out of reach, although European representatives of the Immigration and Refugees Council continue to operate incessantly towards ensuring a stable, harmonious future for innocent refugees and immigrants across the continent.

Remedy for the Emergence of Terrorism

Lara Gabrie and Mira Moebel

Budapest, Hungary- After the bombings that occurred yesterday in several european cities such as Frankfurt, Budapest and Stockholm, the Education and Youth representatives discussed about the eventual causes and links that their council could potentially have on the rise of terrorist attacks. The majority of the Ministers were agreeing that integration is one of the main reasons that could explain the previous ONS acts, and were stating that a redefinition of the role of the European Union, its values and its history, could lead to a potential decrease of the terrorist act rates.  However, other aspects that could also explain the rise of terrorism were argued during the conference.

The Minister of Estonia for the Education and Youth council, argued that the root for the terrorist attacks mainly comes from fanaticism, xenophobia, discrimination, and a lack of integration. The delegate stated that “the crises are involved and directly related to the council, especially when it is about trying to combat terrorism.” The minister also, declared that education is a priority in order to solve this. If the youth is educated properly in this specific topic, then terrorist attacks can be prevented in the future. “We have passed a directive on a global studies class, which combats and teaches about terrorism, cultures, and the EU as a whole. I think that a lot needs to be done with regards to educating.” commented the delegate.

Furthermore, the Minister is looking forward to begin a trimester. This trimester consists of learning different cultures, values, and traditions. Moreover, he is planning on beginning a trimester on the EU, its role and its values. Originally, he wanted to start a trimester on how to put an end to terrorism. However, the directive did not pass by committee, and the minister commented that this was unfortunate. Henceforth, they will begin a trimester on political science, which will combat terrorism in the country that you are part of.

British Cabinet introduces remedies for the National Health Service

Mira Moebel and Monica Turner

The ten delegates of the British National Cabinet debating the reform of their country's healthcare system were quick to find a widely-accepted solution to the current crisis that Britain is confronting.


“We’re going great, everybody’s collaborating, we’re coming up with some great ideas and there's not a whole lot of arguments which is always good,” stated the Minister of Foreign Affairs.


Despite the fact that the National Healthcare System (NHS) is considered by some as one of the best healthcare systems, there is a lot of controversy on the efficiency of this institution. There are many who directly face the consequences of its deficiencies, like having to wait for long periods of time to receive treatment.


The committee discussed several solutions to improve this system, such as suggesting the implementation of scholarships for those studying medicine in college in order to “have an increased output of UK trained doctors that could enter the NHS,” as said by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, thereby reducing the waiting time for each patient. The delegates also proposed the recruitment of foreign doctors from countries in Asia and Europe.


Amongst the other strategies that were introduced, the partial privatization of the NHS, the introduction of spending limits to reduce inefficiency, and the usage of money from the Brexit deal to fund this system were all prominent solutions that were discussed within the first hour of debate.

ECB Policy Change Resulting from Brexit

Liam O’Donnell, Alexandre Bloch, Lara Gabrie

“The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the nineteen European Union countries which have adopted the euro.” The main purpose of the ECB is to maintain the importance of the euro in the European Union countries and also to maintain its weight. In 2008, The ECB and its member states faced one of the most challenging and dire situations, the financial crisis. This crisis damaged the global financial system and was the biggest crisis that the ECB has faced. For instance, Portugal, Greece, Italy, and Spain were deeply affected by it. Europe had failed to comply and solve this problem. Thus, for the United Kingdom, this was a turmoil since they had a different currency from the other European Union countries. Henceforth, this situation affected the ECB and the United Kingdom’s economy. In addition, national sovereignty and political elitism was affected in the United Kingdom since, EU countries and the UK had different opinions and ideologies for Europe. The purpose for this European Central Bank, is to solve the question of Brexit and the financial crisis in Europe.  

One proposal in regards to structural change in relation to discouraging another European Union exit similar to that of Brexit is the adaptation of the EU to a federalized state similar to the United States of America, coined a United States of Europe (USE), in which the EU has a stronger and centralized base of control over member states. This idea was a point of contention and debate among delegates within the European Central Bank (ECB), with some countries, such as Romania, France, and Greece being in full support of it, describing it as a way to ensure an equitable budget among EU member states (Romania), as it grants stronger centralized control in regards to monetary and fiscal policy. Furthermore, France described it as a form of incentivization for remaining in a EU, as it ties member states closer together, almost binding them into a single country. The ECB delegate from Greece is in agreement with the delegate from France, stating that such a formation as a USE would deeply “intertwine” member nations economically and diplomatically, disincentivizing withdrawal from the organization. The USA serves as a prime example of the effectiveness of such a federalized state, as it has remained politically stable for most of the 241 years that it has been a sovereign nation (minus the Civil War of the 1860’s). However, this central idea of federalization is a point of contention among numerous delegates of the ECB, such as Germany, the Czech Republic, Belgium, and Croatia, who strongly believe in the importance of their countries remaining sovereign nations, not directly attached to inner crisis and policy of neighbor EU states. Furthermore, deep nationalistic pride hinders the formation of a federal system, with many states viewing such a formation of states as encroaching on national interests. Furthermore, the delegate from Croatia described that his country, and potentially other EU states don’t want to involve themselves in other states’ domestic fiscal policies, and wish to remain independent within their domestic policy and budgeting decisions. The delegation from Denmark analogized these differences, describing that each nation has different needs and conflicting necessities, such as attendees of a dinner having different diets and requiring differing meals to fulfill their hunger and dietary requirements. The delegate from Belgium when speaking to the European Central Bank, described that under the current constitution and ideals of the EU, such a federalization is inherently impossible, as the EU’s purpose is to serve as a union of sovereign nations, rather than a sovereign nation in itself. This discussion brings to light the deep and difficult ideas of the current purpose of the European Union, and whether member states are willing to give up their individual sovereignty for the greater evolution of Europe. It remains to be seen as to whether the United States of Europe will become a feasible plan, but for now it remains solely a theory.

Some countries are trying to discourage others to not leave the EU, and others are trying to find solutions. Different decisions are being taken by countries and their choices remain split. On one hand, Poland is proposing to impose tariffs on countries that leave, and one the other hand, Estonia thinks that they can’t impose taxes and tariffs on entities that they are not in charge of. The Czech Republic is in support of incentives for staying and Estonia stated that they don’t want to tariff nations that have exited the EU. Moreover, Croatia is proposing that countries must pay for resolutions in full prior to leaving the EU. Portugal said that taxing other countries harms EU productivity and the GDP as well. Finally, France believes that if a country want to leave the EU, they should not discourage its withdrawal, because they believe in the greater evolution of the EU, and they do not want to lost some time by solving problems due to countries who simply would leave the EU.

While there are many possible solutions and adaptations that can be made to confront the exiting of Britain from the European Union, such solutions and actions, as the above discussed are still in early stages of debate and discussion. It remains to be seen whether such ideas will grow into solid policy change.

Spanish Congress Split Over Catalan Independence

By Francisco Santos and Marco Ávila, CNN

Budapest, Hungary - Over the short span of the last two days, the Congress of Deputies of Spain at Yale Model Government Europe has been considerably occupied with the essential task of determining the outcome of the Catalan independence movement in the European country. The committee is currently experiencing a divergence in opinion, composed of those that wish for Catalonia to gain independence from Spain, and those who wish for it to remain a part of the aforementioned delegation.


Anti-independence parties possess a diverse array of facts that justify Catalonia’s continuance in the Spanish population. Alicia Sanchez, deputy for the Province of Girona in Catalan parliamentary elections, has expressed her belief that Catalonia “...should be staying with Spain, because, right now, Catalonia is not in the place to become independent.” She continued to express that, because Catalonia amounts to 20% of Spain’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), both Spain and Catalonia will suffer from poverty should the latter gain independence.


Delegates advocating for Catalonia’s independence have also sustained their beliefs with grounds and rationale at their disposition. Throughout the debate, Spanish politician Diego Cañamero of the Podemos party proclaimed that Catalonia should not have to withstand Spain’s oppression any longer. “They have disallowed their language to be taught on their own school, they ask for the same taxes as any other region of Spain, yet they give much less in public services,” he stated.   


It comes to be evident that the fate of millions of Catalans shall be determined over the coming days. Through it all, the Congress of Deputies of Spain at YMGE has worked ceaselessly towards the improvement of Spanish and Catalan lives, with the purpose of arriving towards a feasible, efficient solution.