Liam O’Donnell & Kiara Carriére
On the 23rd of November, 2017, Budapest, Frankfurt, the Hague, Stockholm, and Bilbao were subject to coordinated attacks carried out by the terrorist group, Organization for National Self-Determination (ONS). All the attacks occurred at international institutions, such as the EU Commission Office in Budapest, and Europol in The Hague. An additional bombing occurred in Brussels, but it is unknown as to who conducted the attack. Today, international organizations have begun to collectively discuss solutions and subsequent ramifications of the attacks. NATO has debated over possible methods of confronting the ONS and ensuring that such attacks do not occur again.
NATO or the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization is a military alliance formed between North American and European states, founded after WWII as a deterrence measure from future international conflict. Since NATO serves as an international defensive body, policy debate largely revolved around retaliatory measures. It is located in Brussels, which may serve as a possible motive for the attack conducted by the unknown group. Delegates from nations across Europe proposed numerous methods of combatting the ONS with differing levels of extremity, from utilizing cyber-warfare to gain insight and further hinder ONS’ digital social media ability, to even shutting down the Schengen Area indefinitely.
The delegate from the United States discussed possible economic and military aid to the NATO member states that were affected by the attacks on behalf of the USA, above and beyond the current US contribution to NATO military and budgetary items. The delegate from the United States further discussed how economic support for countries affected can be beneficial for both recovery and economic support for impoverished individuals in the country. He stated that such monetary support if allocated correctly can be directed toward positive growth in relation to the standard of living among impoverished in such countries. Such an allocation of monetary capital can prove useful in diminishing the perceived need to resort to nationalist extremist groups due to boosted morale among at risk-populations due to positive economic growth.
There are allegations that there are Russian ties with the ONS, leading to Russia’s reducing of the allocated supply of oil to the EU. The Delegate from Denmark discussed this possible connection, describing that such an action has deep ramifications for his country as well, despite his country not being affiliated with countries that have been attacked.