The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was originally founded to diminish Soviet aggression during the Cold War via mutual defense and strategy. Following World War II, many democratic Western European nations relied on support from the United States (via the Marshall Plan) and NATO provided further security for post-war recovery. After the Cold war, NATO member states celebrated the defeat of the Soviet Union, but also had to re-evaluate the goal of the organization. NATO has expanded and survived under two key purposes – the deterrence of militant nationalism and the provision of security in Europe as a means to promote democracy. Today, the Arctic is a region that demands international attention. Global warming quite literally paved the path for new and lucrative shipping lanes through the ice and provides potential for increased natural resources. Already, many countries have shown differing perspectives on how to handle the future of the region. Despite the founding tension between the Soviet Union and NATO, the Arctic region is an area where NATO and Russia can work together. At the same time, Russia has been militarizing the Arctic and has remained committed to protecting Russian geopolitical interests in the region. Norway has promoted the role of NATO in the Arctic and both military and civilian officials in the nation want NATO to play a more significant role in the Arctic. On the other hand, Canada has clearly stated that it does not want NATO to be involved in the Arctic. In addition to the different opinions of relevant countries, four of the five Arctic littoral countries are NATO member states – NATO cannot afford to ignore this issue.
The European Subcommittee on Terrorism
In June of 2017, the European Parliament voted to create a subcommittee dedicated to untangling the practical and legislative deficiencies in the European Union’s anti-terrorism policy. The mandate would last 12 months unless prolonged. In that time, the committee would be tasked with examining and evaluating current policies with the goals of remedying the continued oversights across various EU nations. This will be executed through discussion amongst the committee, hearings, and visits from other relevant parties such as agencies, national parliament, law enforcement agencies, intelligence services, judges, and victims’ organizations. As members of the European Commission’s Subcommittee on Terrorism, you have a task that is both enormous and imperative. In recent years, the European Union has faced increasing violence from terrorists, placing our citizens in danger. Current policies have proved ineffective. In response, our committee will discuss nuanced topics within anti-terrorism including but not limited to terrorist financing, radicalization, and protecting the rights of victims. The goal is to be able to provide member states with a final report detailing our findings and recommendations for the future of EU anti-terrorism policy.
The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) is charged with interpreting EU law and ensuring its consistent application across all member countries. The CJEU can also be used as a forum for hearing complaints from private individuals, companies or groups who believe their rights have been violated by the authorities of any EU country. It is capable of issuing binding preliminary rulings on EU law, annulling decisions made by the EU Parliament, and may even impose fines or other penalties on countries which have violated the law.
This committee will be structured in the style of a CJEU hearing, with judges from a number of EU countries hearing applications on a number of pressing contemporary issues. In particular, this committee will deal with the Right to be Forgotten, a legal norm which has taken hold in a number of EU member states including France, Spain and Germany and holds an individual can request to have their personal information removed from the global internet. The CJEU will determine whether such applications are in keeping with EU law on privacy or if they are overly broad in scope. Additionally the CJEU will consider a case on whether Poland’s laws against the implication of Poles as collaborators in the Holocaust violates EU protections on the freedom of speech. Lastly the court will rule whether the emergence of ‘illiberal democracy’ in Hungary under Viktor Orban violates the European Union’s commitment to the spread of human rights and democratic values.
The European NGO Forum
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are not-for-profit, sometimes international, entities that operate independently of governments and international governmental organizations to address issues of human concern. The European NGO Forum will convene some of Europe’s most active and successful NGOs to discuss the role of NGOs within the international system through the study of topics, such as: emergency response, operation in violent conflict, transparency and accountability of operations, and compliance with concerns of national sovereignty. Delegates will leave with a better understanding of how NGOs can most meaningfully contribute to addressing issues of societal concern and more knowledge of the current limitations of NGOs and how they might be addressed.
The Press Corps of Yale Model Government Europe 2018 shall report on YMGE’s fast-paced councils and committees. Emulating the work of Brussels Press Corps, one of the largest in the world, journalists of YMGE 2018 Press Corps will write articles, produce interactive media such as videos and photographs, and maintain a Twitter feed on YMGE proceedings. To that end, reporters shall observe public committee proceedings, conduct interviews with delegates and chairs, compile credible sources, and participate in press briefings. Admission into this high-caliber committee requires a separate application, which shall be available on the website soon.